Clare Hollingworth was an English journalist and author.
She was the first war correspondent to report the outbreak of World War II, described as “the scoop of the century”
As a reporter for The Daily Telegraph in 1939, while travelling from Poland to Germany she spotted and reported German forces massed on the Polish border; three days later she was the first to report the German invasion of Poland.
Hollingworth was born in 1911 in Knighton, a southern suburb of Leicester, the daughter of Daisy and Albert Hollingworth.
Google celebrate Clare Hollingworth’s 106th birthday with doodle.
Doodle offers a glimpse into the mind of one of the world’s most inspirational and pioneering journalists, Clare Hollingworth — a woman so keen for adventure, she kept her passport within an arm’s length at all times, just in case.
Just one week after joining The Telegraph, Clare showed the world why she was called “the doyenne of war correspondents.” Venturing alone across the Germany-Poland border, she was the first to scoop the start of World War II after a windy day blew apart hessian screens, revealing a mass of German troops preparing to invade.
Daring in her approach, Hollingworth often said she was happiest roaming the world, traveling light, and ready for danger. This spirit led her reporting across the world, from working with Jewish refugees in Poland, to covering the Greek and Algerian civil wars, to being the first person to interview Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, the shah of Iran.
Though much of her early work was not officially attributed to her, Hollingworth’s experience and bold career path led her to win Woman Journalist of the Year, James Cameron Award for Journalism, and a lifetime achievement award from What The Papers Say.
During World War I, her father took over the running of his father’s footwear factory, and the family moved to a farm near Shepshed.
She showed an early interest in becoming a writer, against opposition from her mother, and her interest in warfare was stimulated by visits to historical battlefield sites in Britain and France with her father.
After leaving school, she attended a domestic science college in Leicester, which she did not enjoy.
Hollingworth became engaged to the son of a local family known to her own, but instead of marriage, went to work as secretary to the League of Nations Union (LNU) Worcestershire organiser. She then won a scholarship to the UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies in London, and later, a place at Zagreb University to study Croatian
In June 1939, she was selected to fight the parliamentary seat of Melton for the Labour Party in the general election that was due to take place by the end of 1940, but the outbreak of war led to the suspension of elections.
During the post-war decades, Hollingworth reported on conflicts in Palestine, Algeria, China, Aden and Vietnam
In 1946, she and her husband Geoffrey Hoare were at the scene of the King David Hotel bombing in Jerusalem, which killed 91 people.
She started to visit Algeria and developed contacts with the Algerian National Liberation Front. She reported on the Algerian War in the early 1960s.
In 1973, she became the Telegraph’s China correspondent, the first since the formation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949
Hollingworth was married twice; she married Vandeleur Robinson, the League of Nations Union (LNU) regional organiser in the south-east England, in 1936 but the marriage failed during the war. They divorced in 1951 and the same year she married Geoffrey Hoare, The Times’ Middle East correspondent; Hoare died in 1965
Hollingworth was found unresponsive in her flat in Central on 10 January 2017 and was confirmed dead shortly after at Ruttonjee Hospital; she was 105.