Today (July 31, 2012, Tuesday) Google is featuring “Gymnastics” by showing the Doodle “London 2012 Artistic Gymnastics Men’s Rings“. This is the Fifth Doodle for the London 2012 Summer Olympics.
The term Artistic Gymnastics was first used in the 19th century. Between its appearance at the Athens 1896 Games and the 1920s, the event evolved into what we recognise as modern Gymnastics. The men’s individual apparatus and Team competitions first appeared at the Paris 1924 Games; a women’s Team event was introduced in 1928, with women’s individual apparatus competitions added in 1952.
The rings, also known as still rings is an artistic gymnastics apparatus and the event that uses it. It is traditionally used only by male gymnasts, due to its extreme upper-body strength requirements.
The apparatus consists of two rings that hang freely from a rigid metal frame. Each ring is supported by a strap, which in turn connects to a steel cable that is suspended from the metal frame. The gymnast, who grips one ring with each hand, must control the movement of the rings.
The rings hang from a structure 2.8m above the ground. Ring routines should include swings and handstands to emphasise muscle strength. The programme must end with an acrobatic dismount.
The Olympic Artistic Gymnastics competition has four phases: qualification, Team final, Individual All-Around final and individual apparatus finals.
Each apparatus is judged for difficulty and execution, with the highest scoring athlete the winner.