3D display without the need for 3D glasses

Written on:April 24, 2015
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Researchers at Swinburne University of Technology have shown the capacity of a technique using graphene oxide and complex laser physics to create a pop-up floating display without the need for 3D glasses.

Three dimensional holographic images and floating displays outside a screen have long been a favourite of science fiction movies such as the rescue message carried by R2-D2 in Star Wars. The success of James Cameron’s 3D movie Avatar caused a tremendous worldwide interest in flexible, high-definition and floating display devices.

In fact, the dream of optically displaying a 3D object has been constantly driving the revolution of display technologies over the past decade.At the moment most 3D imagery is only seen with the aid of special glasses. But the revenue generated by this 3D technology market in 2013 exceeded US$93.21 billion (almost double the global solar market), and is expected to grow up to US$279.27 billion by 2018.

3D floating displays feature in the 2009 movie Avatar

High tech screens
The research efforts in nanotechnology have significantly advanced development of display devices. Graphene, an atomic layer of carbon material that won scientists Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics, has emerged as a key component for flexible and wearable displaying devices. Owing to its fascinating electronic and optical properties, and high mechanical strength, graphene has been mainly used as touch screens in wearable devices such as mobiles. This technical advance has enabled devices such as smart watches, fitness bands and smart headsets to transition from science fiction into reality, even though the display is still 2D flat.

A 3D image with no glasses
In a paper, published  in Nature Communications, they show how their technology realises wide viewing-angle and full-color floating 3D display in graphene based materials. Ultimately this will help to transform wearable displaying devices into floating 3D displays.The physical realisation of high definition and wide viewing angle holographic 3D displays relies on the generation of a digital holographic screen which is composed of many small pixels.

3d without glassesThese pixels are used to bend light carrying the information for display. The angle of bending is measured by the refractive index of the screen material – according to the holographic correlation. The smaller the refractive index pixels, the larger the bending angle once the beam passes through the hologram. This nanometer size of pixels is of great significance for the reconstructed 3D object to be vividly viewed in a wide angle.

The process is complex but the key physical step is to control the heating of photoreduction of graphene oxides, derivatives of graphene with analogous physical structures but presence of additional oxygen groups. Through a photoreduction process, without involving any temperature increment, graphene oxides can be reduced toward graphene by absorbing a single femtosecond pulsed laser beam.

During the photoreduction, a change in the refractive index can be created. Through such a photoreduction we are able to create holographically-correlated refractive index pixel at the nanometer scale.

Their technique enables the reconstructed floating 3D object to be vividly and naturally viewed in a wide angle up to 52 degrees. This result corresponds to an improvement in viewing angles by one-order-of-magnitude compared with the current available 3D holographic displays based on liquid crystal phase modulators, limited to a few degrees.In addition, the constant refractive index change over the visible spectra in reduced graphene oxides enables full-colour 3D display.

Starting small
At this moment, the demonstrated graphene 3D display can only allow images up to 1cm. But there is no limitation for the up scalability of this technique.

pop up display without glasses

Owing to the excellent mechanical strength of graphene based materials,their technique can help to transit graphene-enabled wearable displaying devices from 2D into floating 3D displays. It is projected that graphene 3D display at tens of centimetre scale, perfect for the wearable displaying devices, will be available within five years.

This new generation floating 3D display technology also has potential applications for military devices, entertainment, remote education and medical diagnosis. The demonstrated principle would have potential impacts on the development of versatile holographic components and underpin the soaring development of holographic anti-counterfeit tags, security labels, identification code and so on.

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Written on:April 23, 2015
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Written on:April 21, 2015
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Written on:April 21, 2015
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Written on:April 20, 2015
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Written on:April 20, 2015
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trees grow bigger and quicker

Scientists at The University of Manchester have discovered a way to make trees grow bigger and faster, which could increase supplies of renewable resources and help trees cope with the effects of climate change. Trees growth starts with a seed.With the right mix of water, light and warmth, a seed sprouts, sending its first shoot up and its first root down. Trees grow taller when new cells are produced at…

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Written on:April 18, 2015
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Written on:April 17, 2015
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Photo by Caitlin Givens

A potentially game-changing breakthrough in artificial photosynthesis has been achieved with the development of a system that can capture carbon dioxide emissions before they are vented into the atmosphere and then, powered by solar energy, convert that carbon dioxide into valuable chemical products, including biodegradable plastics, pharmaceutical drugs and even liquid fuels. Scientists with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the University of…

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Written on:April 17, 2015
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Recently there is a huge talk about net neutrality in India. Especially Net neutrality supporters were accusing Facebook Founder Mark Zuckerberg’s initiative Internet.org. So, 6 companies out of 38 were pulled out from the internet.org program. Now Mark Zuckerberg has clarified about his Internet.org by posting a status message in his facebook account. He says that he fully supports net neutrality and wants to keep the internet open. Net neutrality…

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